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January Garden Guide
January gardening tips
January’s gardening essentials
In the event of snow make sure you brush it off from the branches of your evergreens and shrubs.
It's a good time to prune most of your deciduous trees and shrubs.
Fireplace ashes can be saved to use a fertilizer for alkaline soil plants.
If the ground is not frozen or too wet at all, now is an ideal time to turn the soil.
Keep a eye open for insects on your houseplants. If you have a greenhouse, make sure you also carefully check those plants.
Spend some time getting the garden tools ready for spring. Sharpen and oil tools such as shears, shears, mowers etc.
It's not too early to begin to think of a strategy for new spring plantings. You might want to create a small map of your garden, and use it as a guide for ordering plants and seeds.
Week-by-week gardening tips for January
Protect vulnerable plants from frost and wind damage.
Firm in any autumn-planted shrubs and border plants lifter by frost.
Brush heavy snow from shrubs, conifers and hedges so that there is no damage of branches breaking.
Order seeds, summer bulbs, plants and seedlings.
Sow under glass half-hardy annuals that are slow to mature.
Cut back clinging climbers from window and doors.
Cut down newly planted canes of raspberries, blackberries and hybrids to within 25-30 cm (10 – 12 in) of the ground.
Ensure fuchsias over wintering in leaf in the greenhouse get as much light as possible and are not becoming pale and leggy.
Deadhead and tidy plats in containers. Move pots containing vulnerable plants under cover if severe frosts are forecast.
Germinate seeds such as begonia and pelargonium on windowsills and indoors or in the greenhouse.
Complete the pruning of greenhouse vines while they are still dormant and remove loose bark which may harbour pests.
Bring in pots of forced bulbs for indoor flowering when ready.
Protect winter-flowering bulbous irises in the garden from severe cold or damp.
Keep off the lawn when it is frozen or very wet.
Start forcing pots of lily bulbs for Easter and early summer flowering.
Pinch out rhododendron and azalea buds damaged by frost to prevent the spread of disease.
Cut out broken, diseased, dead or rubbing branches on established trees and shrubs except prunes.
Wash and disinfect seed trays and pot, ready for early spring sowing and planting.
Make any necessary repairs to structures supporting plants such as trellises, pergolas and arches while the plants are dormant.
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