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January gardening tips

A garden in autumn colours

January’s gardening essentials

  1. Tip 1 In the event of snow make sure you brush it off from the branches of your evergreens and shrubs.
  2. Tip 2 It's a good time to prune most of your deciduous trees and shrubs.
  3. Tip 3 Fireplace ashes can be saved to use a fertilizer for alkaline soil plants.
  4. Tip 4 If the ground is not frozen or too wet at all, now is an ideal time to turn the soil.
  5. Tip 5 Keep a eye open for insects on your houseplants. If you have a greenhouse, make sure you also carefully check those plants.
  6. Tip 6 Spend some time getting the garden tools ready for spring. Sharpen and oil tools such as shears, shears, mowers etc.
  7. Tip 7 It's not too early to begin to think of a strategy for new spring plantings. You might want to create a small map of your garden, and use it as a guide for ordering plants and seeds.

Week-by-week gardening tips for January

Week 1

  • Protect vulnerable plants from frost and wind damage.
  • Firm in any autumn-planted shrubs and border plants lifter by frost.
  • Brush heavy snow from shrubs, conifers and hedges so that there is no damage of branches breaking.
  • Order seeds, summer bulbs, plants and seedlings.
  • Sow under glass half-hardy annuals that are slow to mature.
  • Cut back clinging climbers from window and doors.

Week 2

  • Cut down newly planted canes of raspberries, blackberries and hybrids to within 25-30 cm (10 – 12 in) of the ground.
  • Ensure fuchsias over wintering in leaf in the greenhouse get as much light as possible and are not becoming pale and leggy.
  • Deadhead and tidy plats in containers. Move pots containing vulnerable plants under cover if severe frosts are forecast.
  • Germinate seeds such as begonia and pelargonium on windowsills and indoors or in the greenhouse.

Week 3

  • Complete the pruning of greenhouse vines while they are still dormant and remove loose bark which may harbour pests.
  • Bring in pots of forced bulbs for indoor flowering when ready.
  • Protect winter-flowering bulbous irises in the garden from severe cold or damp.
  • Keep off the lawn when it is frozen or very wet.
  • Start forcing pots of lily bulbs for Easter and early summer flowering.

Week 4

  • Pinch out rhododendron and azalea buds damaged by frost to prevent the spread of disease.
  • Cut out broken, diseased, dead or rubbing branches on established trees and shrubs except prunes.
  • Wash and disinfect seed trays and pot, ready for early spring sowing and planting.
  • Make any necessary repairs to structures supporting plants such as trellises, pergolas and arches while the plants are dormant.